Kuwait marks Friday the 29th anniversary of the 1990 Iraqi brutal invasion, which severely and harshly sought to efface the identity of the country.
Since the early hours of the invasion, the Kuwaiti government and people utterly rejected the flagrant aggression, and Kuwaitis, both at home and overseas, stood by the side of their legitimate leadership to defend their country, freedom and sovereignty. During the invasion, the Iraqis adopted a scorched-earth policy, setting 752 oil wells on fire, digging trenches and filling them with oil as a barrier against the US-led international coalition.
Thanks to the wise leadership of late Amir Sheikh Jaber Al- Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, the late Father Amir Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah, and His Highness the Amir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al- Sabah – who was a Foreign Minister – and with the assistance of the Kuwaiti people, the country was able to gain support of the international community and to achieve liberation.
As soon as the aggression took place, the world condemned it and the UN Security Council issued a host of decisive resolutions, starting with Resolution 660, which demanded an immediate withdrawal of the Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
Then other ones followed under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Arab and international countries adopted similar stances, demanding immediate withdrawal of aggressors, and holding the Iraqi regime accountable for all the damages caused by the invasion.
His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah, being in charge of the foreign ministry portfolio, played a key role in mobilizing Arab and international support to Kuwait’s legitimacy, thanks to his long experience as Kuwait’s chief diplomat since 1963.
Over the long years, he had managed to establish strong ties with the UN, its affiliate organizations and member states. Sheikh Sabah’s hard and sincere efforts for the nation proved fruitful, as he managed to gain the world’s support for ousting the aggressors, liberating Kuwait and restoring the nation’s legitimacy and sovereignty.
In the years that followed the invasion, more precisely 1990 to 2001, Kuwait’s foreign policy towards Iraq was based on certain constants, mainly established in line with the UN Security Council resolutions issued before and during the crisis. One of these was the council’s Resolution 687 of 1991.