Nations Can Be Ruined By Corruption
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As reported by Al-Rai daily, the corruption bug poses a great challenge to countries across the world, and the United Nations has labeled it a "severe epidemic that can lead to the demise of any country regardless of its size or wealth.". Due to its global impact, the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) was established in 2003 and came into force in 2005.

A senior official at Nazaha's Department of International Cooperation, Judd Al-Hajri, said the UN convention facilitated international cooperation in the fight against corruption. In order to combat corruption globally, she said, member states should establish conventions that provide a comprehensive set of standards, rules, and measures for countries to implement to reduce and prevent corruption in the public and private sectors. She proposed criminalizing corruption and initiating preventive measures to reduce corruption.

In her remarks, she stated that "inter-state cooperation encourages the prevention and detection of corruption, as well as the achievement of asset recovery," noting Article 60 of the Convention deals with training and technical assistance, which includes eight guidelines on technical assistance and training. State governments must initiate, develop, and improve specific training programs to combat corruption, as stipulated in Article 60.

Member states are required to provide each other with technical assistance, including material support and training on anti-corruption plans, especially for developing countries. By providing appropriate frameworks and financing implementation processes, the focus is on assisting developed countries to assist developing countries in establishing strong agencies to combat corruption.

Consequently, member states should enhance training in international and national organizations, assist each other in conducting research and assessment on the causes, types and effects of corruption, and identify experts who can help in the fight against corruption. States parties are also expected to facilitate international cooperation in the areas of extradition and mutual legal assistance.

In his conclusion, Al-Hajri noted that states use international and national conferences to enhance technical assistance and cooperation against corruption, so that member states are encouraged to exchange information to enhance the fight against corruption, noting that states parties and the United Nations are required to establish voluntary mechanisms to strengthen the fight against corruption and to reduce it in developing countries, whether they contribute materially or through information, or in any other field.

04 Aug, 2022 124


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